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Pangong Lake

Pangong Lake: The Jewel of the Himalayas

Pangong Tso, commonly known as Pangong Lake, is one of the most mesmerizing and iconic lakes in the Himalayas. Straddling the borders of India and China, this endorheic (landlocked) lake lies at an elevation of about 4,350 meters (14,270 feet) above sea level. Stretching over 134 kilometers, with about 60% of its length in China, Pangong Lake is renowned for its crystal-clear blue waters and dramatic mountainous backdrop.

The name ‘Pangong’ is derived from the Tibetan word ‘Banggong Co,’ which means ‘long, narrow, enchanted lake.’ The lake’s water is brackish, which makes it unique as it does not support aquatic life but is home to various migratory birds, making it a paradise for bird watchers. The lake gained international fame after being featured in the Bollywood movie “3 Idiots,” which brought it into the limelight and boosted its popularity among tourists.

Top Attractions

Scenic Beauty: 

The main attraction of Pangong Lake is its unparalleled natural beauty. The color of the water changes from azure to light blue to green and even grey throughout the day, depending on the angle of the sun.

2. Bird Watching: 

Despite its high salinity, Pangong Lake attracts several species of migratory birds, including Brahmini ducks and bar-headed geese. It’s a bird watcher’s delight, especially during the summer months.

3. Spangmik Village: 

Located on the southern shore of Pangong Lake, Spangmik offers stunning views of the lake and surrounding mountains. It’s the farthest point up to which tourists are allowed.

4. Camping: 

The shores of Pangong Lake are dotted with campsites offering a unique opportunity to stay close to nature, under the starlit sky, and with the lake’s serene waters just a few steps away.

5. Pangong Tso – Tsomoriri Lake Trek: 

For the adventure enthusiasts, this trek offers an exciting challenge, passing through some of the most remote and stunning landscapes in Ladakh.

How to Reach Pangong Lake

Pangong Lake is accessible from Leh, the capital of Ladakh. Here’s how you can reach it:

By Air: 

The nearest airport is Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport in Leh, which is well-connected to major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Srinagar. From Leh, you can hire a taxi or join a tour group to reach Pangong Lake.

By Road: 

From Leh, Pangong Lake is approximately 160 kilometers. The journey takes about 5-6 hours by car or bike, passing through the picturesque Chang La Pass, the third highest motorable road in the world.

By Bus or Taxi: 

Shared taxis and private vehicles can be hired from Leh. There are also tour operators offering packages that include transport, accommodation, and meals.

Activities to Do


Pangong Lake is a photographer’s paradise. The changing colors of the lake, the dramatic landscape, and the clear night skies offer endless opportunities for stunning photographs.


Spend a night by the lake in one of the many campsites available. Waking up to the sight of the sun rising over the lake is an experience not to be missed.

Bird Watching: 

Bring your binoculars and enjoy watching the various migratory birds that visit the lake. The best time for bird watching is during the summer months.


With minimal light pollution, Pangong Lake offers one of the best stargazing experiences. The clear skies and high altitude provide perfect conditions for viewing constellations and the Milky Way.

Trekking and Hiking: 

Explore the surrounding areas on foot. There are several trails around the lake and the nearby villages that offer breathtaking views.

Hidden Gems

Man and Merak Villages: 

Located further along the southern shore of the lake, these remote villages offer a glimpse into the traditional lifestyle of the local people. They are less frequented by tourists and provide a peaceful retreat.

Yaya Tso: 

Known as the ‘Bird’s Paradise,’ this smaller lake near Pangong is a hidden gem, perfect for bird watchers and those seeking solitude.

Chushul Village: 

A historically significant village near the Line of Actual Control (LAC), Chushul offers a unique perspective on the region’s strategic importance and stunning views of the lake and mountains.

Tso Kiagar: 

Another beautiful lake near Pangong, Tso Kiagar is less visited and offers serene beauty and opportunities for peaceful reflection and photography.

Accommodation Options

While accommodation at Pangong Lake is generally basic, here are some budget-friendly options under INR 2000 per night:

  • 1. Pangong Delight Camp: Located close to the lake, this campsite offers comfortable tents with basic amenities. Prices start around INR 1500 per night.
  • 2. Himalayan Wooden Cottages: Situated in Spangmik, these cottages provide a cozy and rustic stay with beautiful views of the lake. Prices start from INR 2000 per night.
  • 3. Pangong Retreat Camp: This camp offers well-maintained tents with attached bathrooms and stunning views of the lake. Prices start from INR 1800 per night.
  • 4. Padma Homestay: Located in Spangmik village, this homestay offers a chance to experience local hospitality and culture. Prices start from INR 1200 per night.
  • 5. Watermark Camp: A budget-friendly campsite with basic facilities and great views of Pangong Lake. Prices start from INR 1600 per night.

Tips for Visiting Pangong Lake

  • 1. Acclimatize Properly: Spend a few days in Leh to acclimatize to the high altitude before heading to Pangong Lake to prevent altitude sickness.
  • 2.Carry Warm Clothing: Temperatures can drop significantly, especially at night. Pack warm clothing, including gloves and hats.
  • 3. Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol to stay hydrated and prevent altitude sickness.
  • 4. Check Road Conditions: The roads to Pangong Lake can be challenging, especially during winter and the monsoon season. Check the road conditions and weather forecast before planning your trip.
  • 5. Carry Essentials: Pack necessary items like snacks, a first aid kit, medications, and personal hygiene products, as facilities can be limited.
  • 6. Inner Line Permit: Both Indian and international tourists require an Inner Line Permit to visit Pangong Lake. These can be obtained in Leh from the DC office or online.


Pangong Lake is a destination that offers a blend of natural beauty, adventure, and cultural richness. From the stunning color-changing waters to the tranquil surroundings and vibrant local culture, Pangong Lake is an enchanting place that leaves a lasting impression. Whether you’re seeking solitude, adventure, or a deep cultural immersion, Pangong Lake provides an unforgettable experience in the heart of the Himalayas. Its serene beauty and unique charm make it one of the must-visit destinations in Ladakh.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Ask Questions For Ladakh

Q. How can we reach Ladakh?

There are three ways to reach Ladakh:

  • The best way to travel to Ladakh is by flight. Leh Airport is well-connected with major cities like Delhi, Jammu, Chandigarh, Srinagar, and many other places through direct and connecting flights.
  • If you are traveling by road then there are two different routes lead to Ladakh – one from Srinagar and another from Manali. If you are traveling from Manali then you will cover the distance of 474 kilometers to Leh via Keylong with a night stopover. On the other hand, Srinagar to Leh will take you through Sonamarg, Drass, Kargil, Mulbekh, and Lamayuru. You will cover 434 km on this journey. All the roads remain open from May to October.

Q. Can we visit Pahalgam in one day ?

Distance Between Delhi to Ladakh 1023 kms.

Q. Which airport is close to Ladakh?

The Kushok Bakula Rimpochee Airport in Leh.

Q. Are there any ATMs in Leh?

Leh has four ATMs owned by Axis Bank, Jammu and Kashmir Bank, Punjab National Bank and State Bank of India.

Q. Does credit card work in hotels and restaurants?

Yes, the credit card is accepted in a few hotels and restaurants but a service tax is charged.

Q. When is the best time to visit Ladakh?

The Best time to visit Ladakh is during the summer season from the month of April to July during this time Ladakh temperature is between 15 to 30 Degree Celsius.

Q. What is famous about Leh ?

Leh is known for its stunning scenic locales, Buddhist temples and pristine environment.

Q. What are the places to see in Leh and around?

Leh is the district headquarters of Ladakh and its main town. It is a quaint town and has a very cosmopolitan vibe to it. The markets are quite colourful and full of life.

Q. Is Ladakh safe to visit?

Is Ladakh safe to visit?Ladakh, in general, is considered relatively safe for travelers, including women.

Q. What is Ladakh famous for answer?

Ladakh is most famous for breathtaking landscapes, the crystal clear skies, the highest mountain passes, thrilling adventure activities, Buddhist Monasteries and festivals.

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